JDM cars have become increasingly popular in recent years, as people want an interesting car that is more unique than what might be available on the regular domestic market.
However, the term “JDM” is often misused and misunderstood – you can learn more on our JDM meaning guide, which will tell you everything you need to know about the term and what it actually means.
One of the reasons JDM cars are desirable – and Japanese cars in general – is due to superior reliability.
Some of it is perception (I.e. nobody really expects a Toyota or Honda to go wrong, whereas it’s “par for the course” with something like a Peugeot or BMW) but the data is also clear that Japanese cars are typically more reliable – you can learn more here about why Japanese cars are more reliable.
In today’s edition of Car Facts, we are going to look at what the most reliable JDM car is. Spoiler alert – the answer isn’t what you might think.
JDM Reliability – The Truth
Think of great JDM performance cars like the Nissan Skyline GT-R, Toyota Supra MK4, DC2 Honda Integra Type R etc … all of these cars are typically more reliable than their contemporary European or American competition.
In fact, if you ask the average car enthusiast to name the most reliable JDM car, they would probably give you an answer from the list of “usual suspect” performance classics, maybe something a bit more modest like the EK9 Civic Type R.
However (and it’s a big however) there is a lot more to JDM motoring than performance cars like the GT-R or Supra.
In fact, these “hero cars” are only a small slice of the JDM ecosystem. There is a far bigger world of JDM cars that are focused on affordability (in terms of purchase price, fuel economy, and running costs/maintenance).
Remember that JDM truly means any car that was built for the Japanese market, and Japanese car buyers aren’t all “Midnight Club” participants.
Most Japanese motorists – when heading out to buy themselves a new car – aren’t looking at a performance weapon (take it from one of our editors who has lived in Japan) instead they will go out to buy a reliable, small, economical car … often a kei car.
Ben, our editor who lived in Japan and travels back there regularly, used this piece of quirky JDM engineering as his daily driver:
Here in New Zealand, where used imports that are ex-Japanese domestic market are very common on the roads, you don’t go and buy a Mitsubishi GTO or Mazda RX-7 if you want a reliable JDM car … you go and buy something like a Suzuki Swift or a Toyota Corolla.
Although you might not think of a normal, everyday Japanese-spec Toyota Corolla or Honda Accord when thinking of JDM reliability, the truth is that if you want the a JDM car with the best possible reliability, that’s where you should be looking!
In fact, although car reliability can be difficult to measure and there is an element of subjectivity involved, if we had to name the single most reliable JDM car you can possibly buy, we would probably say something like a manual 1997 Toyota Sprinter (which is the JDM-spec, slightly sportier version of the Corolla)
With a car like this you are getting a vehicle from Toyota – widely considered to be the leader in terms of reliable car manufacturing (bearing in mind that Lexus, which typically rates a bit higher than “normal” Toyota didn’t sell cars on the Japanese domestic market until the mid 2000s) built during their golden age, and one that was built to be a dependable, economical, affordable piece of utilitarian transport.
Now this is not exactly the most exciting or interesting car in the world. But if you want something that is actually a proper JDM car AND you want it to cost you as little as possible to run and break down as infrequently as possible, then this would be a great bet. Plus you will look like a total boss rolling up to car meets in an actual JDM car, clowning on everyone with their sold-new-domestically Japanese cars that they incorrectly claim are JDM.
Of course your opinion of the best JDM car in terms of reliability might vary greatly, so we would love to hear your take.
Reliability Shopping List
Performance cars like the Supra or Skyline GT-R are generally not the most reliable form of transportation, because they aren’t built first and foremost to be cheap to run.
When JDM car shopping, if reliability is your focus we would typically advise you to look for cars that were built to be economical, utilitarian transport for people on limited budgets … this is typically going to be your best bet if you want to get your hands on a vehicle that won’t cost you the earth to run or let you down.
In terms of a “reliability shopping list” that could apply to any potential JDM purchase, here’s what we would look for:
- Simple engine (no turbo/supercharger)
- Front or rear-wheel drive (no AWD/4WD)
- Manual transmission is typically better than automatic. Avoid CVT boxes if at all possible; be wary as these are very popular on many economy-oriented Japanese cars, and tend to be prone to problems.
- Minimal complex electronics or features. For example, do you really need electrically-adjustable seats? Pulling a lever to move the seat back or forward isn’t a huge challenge, after all.
By way of disclaimer, we fully accept that even more simple components can go wrong … but on the balance of probabilities a basic car with simple components and lack of sophisticated or complex gadgets and gizmos is more likely to be reliable.
The Theory Of Reliability Relativity
One concept to bear in mind when shopping for a reliable JDM car is that reliability can be both an absolute and a relative measure.
You can’t “cross shop” all cars.
Allow us to explain:
For example, if you really want a luxury cruiser/sedan, then a Suzuki Swift (while probably the more reliable option) is not a suitable substitute.
However, in relative terms, a Japanese luxury sedan like a Lexus LS400 (or the JDM equivalent – the Toyota Celsior) is likely to be more reliable and the equivalent BMW or Mercedes from the same era.
So if you want an “interesting” JDM car, then you can feel comfortable and confident in the fact that from a relative reliability perspective, your potential purchase is probably going to be better than similar options from European/American brands … you don’t have to go for the absolute reliability option, unless having the lowest possible chance of incurring maintenance and repair bills is your focus.
Speaking of maintenance, it’s also important to remember that a supposedly reliable car that has been poorly maintained may be less reliable than a supposedly unreliable car with a sound maintenance history. For example, here in the NZ market it’s not uncommon to see stereotypically reliable cars like Toyota Corollas, Honda Civics etc with very patchy maintenance records, because the previous owner(s) have basically said “Toyotas/Hondas/whatever never go wrong, so why bother with maintenance?” (Or they have purchased the car specifically because they are on a tight budget and can’t afford much maintenance or for anything to go wrong). On the other hand, it’s often easier to find cars from less reliable manufacturers like Alfa Romeo, Fiat or Peugeot where maintenance has been much more regular and comprehensive, possibly because the previous owner(s) have been alert to the higher risk of mechanical maladies!
In other words, just because your potential JDM purchase might be a generally reliable car, it doesn’t mean you can skimp on maintenance or necessarily overlook a poor previous service and maintenance history. Buying on condition and maintenance records is critical, rather than just buying on reputation!
Fun JDM Cars With Good Reliability
When you clicked to read this article, you were probably thinking you would find some article about how the Toyota Supra or Celica GT-Four is the most reliable of all JDM cars, but the Nissan Skyline GT-R isn’t all that bad … sorry to disappoint by telling you the path to peak JDM reliability is buying an everyday economy car. And with the prices of these hero cars, they are now getting to the point where if you can afford to buy one you can probably afford to run one even if it isn’t the most reliable purchase.
However, if you want something that is a bit more fun than JDM-spec Corolla or Accord, here are some interesting and exciting JDM vehicles with excellent reliability records. Hardly an exhaustive list, but a good starting point nonetheless:
The history of the Toyota Crown model stretches back many years – there’s far too much for us to feature as a mere component of this article. However, suffice it to say that just about any Crown from any generation is going to be a decent bet when it comes to a fun or interesting JDM car with solid reliability.
A particular highlight of the entire Crown family is the Toyota Crown Estate Athlete V … which is a bit of a mouthful but a superb luxury/sport blend wagon that could be specced with the legendary 1JZ-GTE engine.
We have tested an S180 generation Toyota Crown Royal with a 3.0 V6 engine (a more luxury/comfort focused variant compared with the Athlete) and it was one of the most impressive cars we have encountered for the money. The vehicle was being sold for around $7000 NZD at the time, in genuinely incredible condition. The way it wafted along in comfort and serenity is hard to describe. It was only a negotiation breakdown over securing a spare key and who was going to pay for it that led to the deal falling through … in hindsight this was a big mistake!
We actually have a Toyota Crown history and buyer’s guide you can read for more information, focused on the S180 generation – but it contains lots of info about other generations as well.
Long story short, the Toyota Celsior is the JDM version of the Lexus LS400 – which is basically the greatest luxury sedan of all time when you factor in that they were built to such a high standard and showed the rest of the world that you could have opulence, luxury and genuine reliability in one bulletproof package.
The Celsior name also carried over to the JDM equivalent of the LS430.
Toyota Altezza RS200
Continuing with the Toyota theme, you’ve probably heard of or seen the Lexus IS, with its distinctive taillights and chronograph style gauge cluster that looks like something a Swiss watch maker would design:
The Toyota Altezza was the JDM equivalent of the Lexus IS, and as with the IS there were a few different engine and transmission options available.
However, it is the Toyota Altezza RS200 that is the truly special JDM option.
The Altezza RS200’s party piece is a 2 litre four cylinder 3S-GE engine (the fifth generation of the venerable 3S-GE, referred to as the ‘Blacktop’/BEAMS and was originally designed in conjunction with Yamaha). Manual RS200s pump out around 210hp and rev close to 8000rpm, offering a free and high-revving experience that you would typically associate with Hondas of this era.
Combine a tight chassis, rear wheel drive and decent creature comforts and you’ve got a winning blend of genuine sporting pedigree with Toyota reliability and comfort.
There were other Altezza variants available, but the RS200/Z is the one you really want. In fact, it’s such a great – albeit somewhat forgotten – car that we are going to do a specific feature article on the Altezza Rs200 in the near future.
Need we say more? I don’t even think we need to add a photo of this one.
The Mazda MX-5/Miata is the best selling sports car ever, and for good reason. You get a near-perfect blend of fun, just enough performance, and excellent reliability and ease of repair when something does break … which happens to all cars eventually.
Impress your friends by buying a Mazda Roadster (or even better, a Eunos Roadster – we’re working on an article at the moment that goes into more detail about some of Mazda’s more bizarre brand name activity in the 1990s) which is the JDM equivalent of the export MX-5/Miata.
You can read our comprehensive MX-5/Miata/Roadster buyer’s guide and model history here.
The original NA Roadster/Miata is rapidly becoming a more appreciated modern classic, and the later generations can’t be too far behind.
Suzuki Swift Sport
Ok this isn’t a true JDM car as the Swift Sport has been sold new in export markets like the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand for years now (however, it is also one of those cars where you can get JDM spec imports in some markets like New Zealand, with slightly different features and often for a lower price). However, it’s also a car that to the best of our knowledge was never sold in the United States.
The Swift Sport offers an excellent blend of everyday drivability, low running costs in terms of repair and fuel bills, and just enough handling prowess and power to have fun.
One of the editors of this site actually owns a current generation Suzuki Swift Sport, which uses a 1.4 turbo engine. Although this means a much more powerful car and better everyday performance, the earlier generations – particularly the first – appeal with their high revving NA engines.
We think that the first generation Swift Sport in particular has some definite future classic potential. Although not great in the features and specifications department, the driving experience more than makes up for it.
One thing to note is that JDM spec MK1 Swift Sports are lacking in the safety equipment department versus export market examples, often only having dual front airbags (at least on earlier models).
If you want an affordable to buy and run hatchback with genuine practicality and enjoyable performance, one of these needs to be at the top of your list.
Conclusion – What Is The Most Reliable JDM Car?
While the “hero” cars of the 1990s and early 2000s can be quite reliable, compared to everyday JDM cars these are all complex.
If you’ve read our JDM meaning guide, then you’ll know that JDM doesn’t just refer to high performance Japanese cars like the Nissan Skyline GT-R or the Toyota Supra MK4 – there are far more “mundane” JDM cars out there than “exotic” ones.
Therefore, the most reliable JDM car is likely to be something like a Japanese market Toyota Corolla from the mid-to-late 1990s.
Although it might not be the most desirable car in the world, a 1997 Toyota Sprinter (JDM, sportier version of the Corolla) is probably about as reliable as you can get:
You get all the benefits of legendary, utilitarian Japanese build quality and reliability, without some of that more complex technology that you find on modern cars that can throw up problems.
However, as mentioned, reliability can also be a relative measurement.
For example, a Toyota Celica GT-Four is not likely to be as reliable as a Toyota Sprinter (simply because it is a lot more complex, and built for performance instead of reliability and economy) However, that GT-Four Celica will probably be more reliable than a comparable performance Audi of the same era.
Furthermore, when car shopping (JDM or otherwise) it’s critical to look at how a car has been maintained, rather than just buying on the basis of the car having a good reputation for reliability alone.
Do your homework and research on a car before buying. Consult our ever-growing list of car buyer’s guides, make sure you properly inspect any example you’re thinking of buying, and consider getting an independent inspection if you’re not confident on doing it yourself.